Acne is a common skin disorder in which dead skin cells, germs, hair, and sebum (an oily substance) clog the skin’s pores. Blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and various varieties of pimples are caused by these blockages. The locations where acne is most likely to emerge are the face 中醫暗瘡 , chest, shoulders, forehead, and upper back. Although oil glands are located throughout your body, those areas have the most of them. Many people continue to struggle with acne well into their 20s, 30s, and beyond, despite the fact that it mostly affects teens and young adults going through hormonal changes. In this article, we discuss how to treat different types of acne.
Knowing the causes will help you treat different types of acne. Androgen hormones, active around adolescence and early adulthood can cause acne issues. Acne can be brought on by hormone sensitivity, surface skin microorganisms, and fatty acids found in oil glands. A few factors can either worsen or cause acne such as,
Working in an environment where you frequently come into touch with greases, such as working in a restaurant where there are greasy food surfaces and frying oil or employing fatty or oily personal care products, such as thick creams, lotions, or waxes and pomades for hair.
Whiteheads are known as closed comedones in medical terminology. These are tiny, flesh-colored lumps or patches. They typically feature a crimson halo surrounding a white, circular core on lighter skin. The surrounding area could look dark or purple on people with darker skin. Usually, whiteheads do not leave scars. When a whitehead is large or particularly elevated, the skin around it may look tight or wrinkled.
A combination of sebum and dead skin cells can obstruct pores, resulting in blackheads. The top of the pore is still open even though the remainder of it is closed. As a result, the surface acquires its distinctive black color.
When a pore or hair follicle becomes clogged with germs, a papule develops. In response to the bacteria, your immune system makes white blood cells that fight infections. Clusters of red, swollen pimples are the result of this inflammatory reaction. Moreover, inflammatory papules are exacerbated by oil and dead skin cells.
A pustule is a bigger, sensitive lump that has a distinct circular core packed with pale or yellow pus. On lighter skin, a pustule’s surrounding area appears red or pink; on darker skin, it appears deep brown or black. Typically, immunological cells and bacterial cells gathered in the occluded orifice make up the pus in the pustule. Typically, pustules resemble much larger, redder versions of whiteheads.
A severe kind of acne known as nodular acne is characterized by big, painful lumps under the skin’s surface. This type of acne, which also contains bacteria, appears when the pore walls collapse. As a result, germs and oil penetrate the skin more deeply, harming additional pores. Nodules hurt and may leave lifelong scars.
Cysts can form when germs, sebum, and dead skin cells combine to clog pores. The clogs take place deeper within the skin than nodules, deeper below the surface. These are big red or white in appearance and are painful to touch. The largest type of acne, cysts, are formed when there is a serious infection. This type of acne is also the most likely to produce scars. Your dermatologist might surgically remove a cyst in serious circumstances.
In order to treat your condition, your doctor may advise various over-the-counter drugs. You could require stronger prescription drugs, depending on the severity of the issue, your age, the type of acne you have, and how well the over-the-counter treatments have worked for you. A woman’s acne may occasionally disappear with the usage of specific contraceptives. Three different birth control pill types have received approval from the Food and Drug Administration to treat acne. You can treat diffrent types of acne in various ways.